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Wednesday, April 28, 2021

OverHead Water Tank For House : Size, Vastu, Components And Materials


Water is essential for many types of household works such as cleaning, cooking, washing and drinking. This water is stored in overhead tanks or underground tanks and sump of that particular structure.

The water storage built into the rooftop is called the overhead water tank. These tanks are designed to meet the water needs of the building's occupants.

TYPES OF OVERHEAD TANKS USED IN HOUSES

1. Based On Shape

·       Rectangular

·       Circular

·       Intze

·       Spherical bottom

·       Domed bottom

·       Conical bottom

OverHead Water Tank\


2. Based On Position

·       Tanks resisting on ground

·       Underground water tanks

·       Elevated water tanks

3. Based On Material Used

·       R.C.C.

·       Plastic (PVC)

·       Fibreglass

·       Steel

·       Masonry

From the above categories, R.C.C. And P.V.C plastics are mainly used. The choice of the tank depends on the requirements, project cost, site conditions, site location, number of users and water capacity to be reached.

RCC TANK

1.  It is the composition of Reinforcement bars concrete

2.  Often rectangular tanks are built and preferred

3.  Suitable for all types of buildings

4.  The temperature of the water inside the tank is maintained

5.  More storage capacity in circular shape than in rectangular shape

6.  Strength and durability are high compared to plastic tanks

7.  The construction of a rectangular tank is more difficult than a circular tank

8.  When building a rectangular tank, the long side should not be less than twice as long

9.  RCC Tanks Fire Prevention

10.      Can't change easily

11.      After construction, they must be adequately cured to avoid water absorption and then allowed to be used.

12.      Cracks can form in the structure (crack 0.1 mm width is acceptable)

13.      Waterproofing is essential to prevent leakage

PLASTIC TANK

1.  Contains high density polyethene material

2.  Lightweight and easy to install

3.  Can be used immediately after installation

4.  Available in rectangular and circular shapes. (Rectangular - home floor storage, circular - roof storage)

5.  Available in a variety of colours (black, blue, brown, white)

6.  Leak control does not require special treatment until it is damaged

7.  Since the material is plastic, it is not prone to rust

8.  The cost is low compared to RCC tanks

9.  UV stabilized tanks should be preferred

10.      Water can become foul-smelling if not cleaned from time to time. Furthermore, the chemical reaction may take place

11.      Water temperature is not maintained in hot weather

12.      In natural disasters, they have low resistance to wind loads and can be easily removed from its original location

 

OverHead Water Tank

VASTU LOCATION FOR WATER TANK

According to Vastu-shastra, the correct position of the overhead water tank should be in the south or south-west corner, which is for the better life and prosperity of the family members.

Avoid setting up overhead tanks in a northerly or northeast corner. This is a very unsuitable corner for water storage.

 

WATER LEAK CONTROL

In the case of RCC tanks, the inner surfaces should be covered with waterproof material. The chemical compound can be used with cement for penetration Physical agents such as fine particles can be added to concrete to control crack growth. IS code 2645-2003 should be specified for the construction and waterproofing of water tanks.

For plastic tanks, sealing material should be applied to all joints from pipe to tank. Can be repaired by using a crack seal material up to 6 inches. Rubber can be applied around the pipe joints.

 

ADDITIONAL SITE FOR OVERHEAD TANKS

At the top of the roof, the terrace can provide an elevated base to avoid direct contact between the rainwater and the water tank base. Can provide a platform of at least 6 inches. It can be built of metal, wood, concrete or brick.


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