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What is Engineered Wood? | Types | Manufactured Woods | Uses

Engineered Wood

 What is Engineered Wood?

Engineer Wood, also called "artificial wood" or composite wood, or man-made wood is a versatile alternative to hardwood. It is built from multiple layers of wood modified with heat, glue, and pressure, each layer running in different directions, which is more stable and provides better advantages than hardwood.

In this article, we will guide you to Engineered wood types like Fiber wood, MDF, Plywood, Particle Board & Veneer



Fiberboard can be considered one of the ‘eco-friendly’ man-made wood types, as it contains recycled materials such as sawdust, wood chips, paper, cardboard and plant fibers. It is bonded together using wax and synthetic resin and then heated and placed under high pressure to create larger pressures. It is an inexpensive alternative to wood, which is useful for many construction projects and furniture. In support of that, it is lightweight, able to withstand heavy loads and has good insulation properties.

However, it is never as durable or strong as real wood. Also, it contains a chemical called urea-formaldehyde, which is released when the board is cut. For this reason, a dust mask and glass are essential, and cutting should take place in a well-ventilated area. Formaldehyde can cause cancer and lung disease.


The term MDF is often misused to describe all types of fiberboard. In fact, it is only associated with medium density fiberboard. It must have a density of 600 to 800 kg / m3 to qualify as MDF. This aside, MDF is an engraved wood compound that echoes most of the details in the fiberboard’s description, which includes pros and cons. The one exception to this is because of the small fibres, it cuts well without ‘tearing out’ or splitting. However, because the board does not have effective grains, it does not hold screws or nails well.


Due to concerns about the toxicity of the resins involved and the potential for VOCs to be released, research has recently been conducted to provide new ways to bind the fibres.


Particle Board (Or Chipboard)

Again, this is one of the few man-made wood types that uses the same manufacturing process as fiberboard and MDF. However, in the case of particleboard large chips and flakes are used, which create voids within the structure. These can be problematic when the boards are reduced in size, causing tearing out or torn edges. Particle board is seen as an inexpensive alternative to traditional wood, which allows for more reasonably priced, lightweight furniture.

Therefore, this furniture does not last as long as it is made from real wood or MDF because it is prone to fight due to moisture and is very fragile. Similar to MDF / fiber board, formaldehyde is used in the manufacturing process of some particle boards.



The name comes from the ‘plies’ that are peeled from log in sheets. These sheets, or veneers, are laid on top of each other at a 90-degree angles and glued in place to form a thin but rigid, single board. The surface of the sheet usually has a smoother finish and is of a higher quality than those used within the structure. The rougher surface inside helps the glue to bond and the smooth finish outside creates a better look. The cross-grained structure of plywood makes it very strong and resistant to bending.



There are several types of plywood, each with its own uses:

Tropical - Widely used in the construction industry. Its low cost led to higher yields in some areas.

Sea - Designed for wet and humid conditions using tropical hardwoods and special glue.

Aircraft - Also known as ‘high strength’ plywood, it uses materials that resist heat and moisture.

Flexible - Suitable for creating curves on furniture.

Hardwood - usually made from peach, mahogany or oak, this material is ideal for heavy-duty landing.

Softwood - usually made from cedar, fir and redwood, which is used for roofing and flooring in general construction.



The word ‘veneer’ can be applied to any thin piece or layer of wood. It is used to provide an attractive, finished surface, especially in cases where cheap material (such as man-made wood types above) is used for the main structure.


Veneers are always valued by high quality furniture makers, which allows them to achieve a beautiful finish. It can be cut as thin as 0.6 mm, i.e. more material is obtained from one log.


In these days of increasing environmental awareness, the use of a veneer is considered to be a great way to increase durability. Furniture can be made using some of the examples above and then stunned by adding a veneer that shows polished wood grains.

ALSO READ: Types of Wood used in the Construction Industry | Uses | Grown In | Wood Types Cost Chart 


Is Engineered Wood durable?

Good quality engineered wood is durable and resistant to moisture. Engineered wood is suitable for making modular kitchens, shelving, and cabinets, and can be finished with veneer or laminate. Furniture made of synthetic wood is affordable, easy to make, and durable.

Hopefully, this article was helpful to you……………..


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