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How to choose the land for the house | Selection of site for the residential building

How to choose the land for the house | Selection of site for the residential building | Things you should consider before buying a residential plot


The first step in constructing a new home is to study the actual construction procedure. The first and foremost job in construction is to select a suitable site for the building. A properly selected site of the building gives enhanced beauty to the building without any extra expenditure.


The following points should be considered while selecting the site for any particular building:

1. Soil at the building site should not be of artificially made-up type. Buildings constructed over such soils normally undergo differential settlement and cracks are quite common in such buildings.


2. The site should not be undulating since this leads to an increase in cost for levelling the ground.


3. The site should have its general slope, sloping away from the site in order to enable easy drainage of the building.

4. Civic services, such as main water supply mains, electric lines, telephone lines, and drainage sewers, should be near the site so that no additional costs are incurred.


5. The groundwater table in the site should not be high.


6. Type of the building also affects the site selection. For example, industrial buildings should be situated outside the city, residential buildings must be near schools and hospitals, and public buildings should be located in open areas so that all the requirements may be fulfilled.


7. The selected site should be as far as possible large enough to provide sufficient light and air to the building.


8. The building site should not be in a depression since this will cause drainage problems as well as affect the aesthetic appearance.


9. If the site is sloping, it should be rising towards the back. This improves the elevation and also gives the feeling of comfort. On sloping sites, planning with differential floors becomes possible. The garage and the miscellaneous utilities can be accommodated in the basement.


10. The site should be connected with good communication lines such as the good system of roads and railways.


11. The site should possess good soil at reasonable depths so that the foundation cost is reduced.


12. The selected site should be adequate to accommodate all the essential accessories required in the building.


13. Residential buildings should not be located near workshops and factories since such locations are subjected to continuous noise.


14. A site along the seashore is good from the entertainment point of view but the sea breeze being damp affects health. Metallic fittings are liable to corrode here.


15. The topographical features of the site with natural and artificial surroundings affect the selection of the site to great extent. For instance, in a region of the city having large buildings, a small residential building may not be aesthetically appealing.


16. For industrial buildings, the site selected should be such that

(a) all the raw materials required for the industry must be available nearby

(b) the labourers should be available from the nearby areas

(c) the site must have enough space for future expansion, industry, the construction of residential areas for workers, etc.

(d) A suitable disposal plant to treat the solid or liquid wastes produced by the industry must be available at a reasonable distance


17. Climate plays an important role in selecting sites for industrial buildings. For example, cool and moist weather is more favourable for weaving and textile mills.




What are the things to consider when buying land?

·       Plot size

·       Shape of the plot

·       Landform features

·       Access to the plot

·       The neighbouring area around the plot

·       The legal status of the property

·       Designation of the plot

·       Soil investigations

·       Access to facilities


What to Check Before Buying a Land? 

Once you have the original title deed, check it out. The land must be in the name of the seller. Next, verify that the seller has full rights to sell the land and that he is the sole owner. These can be verified by enabling 'Title Search' on the State Government Registration Website.

What are the documents to be checked before buying land?

Selection of site for the residential building

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