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Tuesday, May 18, 2021

Proper Method for Storing Cement | Arrangement in Warehouse or Cement Godown

 

Modern Portland cement is a very finely ground material, which makes it very hygroscopic, meaning that it not only absorbs moisture in the form of water, but it also absorbs moisture from the air. Therefore, it is essential to protect it from moisture before use, if used to accomplish its intended function. A small reaction of the cement with the moisture results in lumps in the cement bag. As a general rule, no one wants to use defective material, so a cement bag will fit. A cement bag with lumps inside will not provide the desired strength of concrete construction in the future. Not only moisture but also cement should be protected from rain, direct sunlight, waste, predation etc. To learn more, read the effect of moisture on the cement bag.

 

To protect the cement, it should be stored well in the cement godown. Proper arrangements should be made in the cement godown to ensure good condition for storage of cement for construction projects.

 

STORAGE OF CEMENT

Here are some basic things to keep in mind when storing cement in a warehouse or godown.

 

To Save the Cement from the Moisture Effect

It has been found that cement retains its quality if moisture is removed from the cement. Absorption of 1 to 2% moisture does not significantly affect the quality of the cement. But if the moisture absorption exceeds 5%, the cement will become completely useless. Therefore the cement should be stored in such a way that it does not allow moisture or humidity to reach the cement from the floor or the environment. This is especially important during the humid season and when there is a high level of humidity in the atmospheric air in coastal areas.

 

(a) Raised Floor to Protect the Cement from the Ground Moisture:

 

The perfect way to store cement

Undoubtedly, there will always be moisture in the ground soil. When you store the cement bag on the floor without any arrangement on the floor, the cement bag will absorb moisture from the floor. This can cause lumps to form in the cement bag. Therefore cement bags should be stacked 150 mm to 200 mm from the floor on a platform made of wooden planks and boards or other means. Cover the bottom of the platform with an immovable plastic sheet.

 

(b) Keep Distance from Side Wall to Protect the Cement from the Atmospheric Moisture:

 

Cement bags from wall in Godown

An important factor to consider during storage is keeping a a safe distance from the sidewalls, ensuring the insulation of cement bags from leaking and wet walls, especially if the walls are exposed to the outside atmosphere.

 

A gap of at least 600 mm should be left between the exterior walls and the cement stackes.

 

Proper Way of Stacking of Cement Bags in Cement Godown

 

Proper Stacking of Cement Bags in Cement Godown

It is convenient for stacking and removing cement bags, and it leaves ample space for moving and inspecting bags for counting purposes.

 

Provide a 600mm space for easy access between individual piles.

 

Proper Method for Storing Cement

Cement bags should be stacked gradually on a wooden plank so that the plank is stable and does not topple / overload on one side.

 

In stackes, cement bags are placed close together to minimize air circulation as much as possible. Cement is a hygroscopic material. Atmospheric air contains high levels of moisture. Moisture is the first and greatest enemy of cement. Cement has moisture-absorbing properties; Therefore, it should be stored so that moisture does not reach it. Cement is formed in the form of lumps when moisture occurs close to the cement. Therefore such cement where the initial structure took place cannot be used for any construction purpose.


ALSO READ: Things to Keep in Mind Before Purchasing Cement bag - LCETED

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